The Task Force on Health Policy calls on First Ministers to commit themselves to “major, systematic reform” of the health care system, and not just refunding, when they meet next week to consider the recommendations of the Senate Committee and the Romanow Commission. The six-page letter reviews the findings of the Kirby and Romanow reports in detail and suggests new approaches to guarantee reforms will be a major part of a new deal between the federal and provincial governments.
Montreal, January 23, 2003
Dear First Minister,
Just prior to your meeting in September 2000 to discuss the future of the health care system, the IRPP Task Force on Health Policy wrote to you to propose a series of reforms that bore directly on the future of health care, Canada’s most cherished and most expensive public service. Our proposals were clustered under four themes:
Since the agreement on health of 2000, a number of studies have been published by academic researchers, stakeholder groups and governments outlining how best to modernize Canada’s health care system and give effect to the statements of principle outlined in the Communiqué on Health. Among these, two comprehensive reports have been issued at the federal level, which will likely form the basis of your discussions later this month.
In October 2002, following a comprehensive two-year study of health and health care, the Senate Standing Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology, chaired by Senator Michael Kirby, tabled its final report in which it recommends several changes it considers essential to enable medicare to meet the needs of Canadians into the 21st century.
The Royal Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada has also tabled its final report. Its work, undertaken over the past 18 months under the direction of Commissioner Roy Romanow, included Canada-wide consultations with patients, citizens, providers, governments and experts. It too concluded that substantial changes must be made to medicare to meet the changing needs of Canadians, but stressed that those changes had to conform to the values that underpin health care in Canada.
As you prepare to consider the recommendations of the Senate Committee and the Romanow Commission, the IRPP Task Force on Health Policy is pleased to offer several constructive proposals.
First, it is vital that you consider health care reform, and not just a funding agreement. A ”˜business as usual’ approach of putting more money into the system as it is presently structured will neither address medicare’s current problems nor enhance the system’s capacity to meet the needs of patients, their families and the communities in which they live. The Task Force offers this view for the following reasons:
In addition to the Senate Committee and the Romanow Commission, several provincially commissioned bodies have echoed the sentiment that change is essential. And while there are differences of opinion as to how to bring about that change, there is, in fact, a remarkable degree of consensus on the need to reform the system as a whole – this is not a question of cherry-picking among the various recommendations – as well as on the general terms of what should be done.
Governance and Accountability
Access and Delivery
Although everything on this much-compressed list is important and must be done soon, these initiatives constitute a daunting challenge. Of course, the policy framework needed to implement all of these changes will take some months to develop.
Priorities for Reform
Governments must nevertheless start somewhere. Therefore, in order to best meet Canada’s health care challenges, we recommend the following priorities for your meeting later this month:
It is very difficult to achieve real accountability without full fiscal responsibility. Our system of cost sharing between governments presents the high risk of continued cycles of blame and counterclaim that have so undermined the effectiveness of our governance structures thus far. In recognition of this basic reality, both the Senate Committee and the Romanow Commission recommended significant measures to enhance accountability, not so much among governments, but to the people who use the services and pay the bills. These include
We also believe that accountability to patients, their families and to the taxpayer is most convincingly provided by regional health organizations with full control of budgets and responsibility for the full range of services provided in their localities. Most provinces have begun to go down this path of devolved, accountable authority.
Following upon the Senate Committee’s recommendations, we believe further steps should include having funding follow patients – i.e., capitation – particularly for primary care services, vouchers for home care services, service-based funding for hospitals and the like.
Greater accountability also requires an enhanced capacity to manage health information, on both the provincial/territorial and national levels. Building such a system will require more funding but, more importantly, a clear policy direction to which both levels of government have agreed. Health information management is less a matter of technology than of common standards and policies.
In addition to timely access, Canadians should expect of our health care system nothing less than the highest international standards of excellence. The high share of GDP spent on health care warrants nothing less. To reiterate advice given previously, achieving excellence requires two steps.
Again, a dramatically increased capacity for health information management is essential.
Pressing demands for increased fees, salaries and wages notwithstanding, innovation in health care must claim highest priority if medicare is to meet the needs of patients now and in the future. We should expect from our health care system the same increases in productivity resulting from the application of new knowledge and technology that we see in any other sector of the economy.
The Romanow Commission and the Senate Committee have both emphasized that any increased funding must be used to “buy change.” We concur strongly with that view. The condition that it “buy change” should not be considered an unwelcome “string” attached to increased funding. Rather, it should be viewed as a promise of reward for those provinces and territories willing to meet the challenge of developing successful templates for reform that can later be applied throughout the country.
Accordingly, we recommend a model of baseline funding increases that will provide fiscal incentives for provinces and territories to experiment with ways of increasing productivity in health care, as appropriate to each of their circumstances. For instance, some may want to accelerate primary health care reform while others focus on devolving authority and responsibility to regional organizations, developing initiatives in Aboriginal health, or improving the management of health information. There are many and varied challenges. It makes sense to draw on Canada’s diversity to meet them by province and territory and apply the most fruitful results across the country.
We repeat: this is not only about money. While a “loonie mustard plaster” may ease the symptoms of health care’s problems temporarily, those problems will quickly recur. There is no cure short of major, systemic reform.
The current problems with health care stem from our chronic inability to acknowledge that the system has evolved over the past four decades. The same courage that led us to create the system of publicly funded and administered health care services we have come to know as medicare is now needed to modernize that system to reflect the changes of the past forty years.
Reforming our health care system is a multistep process. But central to any attempt are the three policy imperatives we recommend to you for immediate attention and action:
Canada’s health care system has developed over time, as have the structural problems. The system will not be repaired overnight: there are no instant solutions. But establishing this kind of multiyear reform agenda must proceed without delay. Your meeting later this month is not only an excellent opportunity to discuss the money. It is also an ideal time to begin to launch a courageous, fiscally responsible and socially progressive program to improve our health care system. Canadians deserve nothing less.