Income Inequality: The Canadian Story

Edited by David A. Green, W. Craig Riddell and France St-Hilaire
The Institute for Research on Public Policy, in collaboration with the Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network, has gathered some of the country’s leading experts to provide new evidence on the causes and effects of growing income inequality in Canada and the role of policy. Their research and analysis is collected in this volume, the fifth in the IRPP’s The Art of the State series. To purchase a copy, please visit the IRPP store. Some chapters are available online.


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Sample chapters

Andrew Heisz provides a broad overview of income inequality trends in Canada.

Thomas Lemieux and Craig Riddell analyze the changing characteristics of top income earners in Canada in recent decades.






Part 1: Inequality Trends in Canada

Part 2: Driving Forces and Outcomes

Trends in Income Inequality in Canada and Elsewhere
Andrew Heisz
Has the Canadian Labour Market Polarized?
David A. Green and Benjamin M. Sand
Who Are Canada’s Top 1 Percent?
Thomas Lemieux and W. Craig Riddell
Changes in Wage Inequality in Canada: An Interprovincial Perspective
Nicole M. Fortin and Thomas Lemieux
What Has Happened to Middle-Class Earnings in Canada?
Charles M. Beach
The Distributional Impacts of an Energy Boom in Western Canada
Joseph Marchand
Poverty Dynamics among Vulnerable Groups in Canada
Tony Fang and Morley Gunderson
Immigration, Poverty and Income Inequality in Canada
Garnett Picot and Feng Hou
Consumption Inequality in Canada, 1997-2009
Sam Norris and Krishna Pendakur
Technological Change and Declining Immigrants’ Earnings Outcomes: Implications for Income Inequality in Canada
Casey Warman and Christopher Worswick
What’s So Bad about Increasing Inequality in Canada?
Lars Osberg

Part 3: The Role of Policy


Why More Education Will Not Solve Rising Inequality (and May Make It Worse)
Kelly Foley and David A. Green
 Notes on Contributors
Can Labour Relations Reform Reduce Wage Inequality?
Scott Legree, Tammy Schirle and Mikal Skuterud
The Role of Taxes and Transfers in Reducing
Income Inequality
Andrew Heisz and Brian Murphy
Provincial Taxation of High Incomes: The Effects on Progressivity and Tax Revenue
Kevin Milligan and Michael Smart
Framing the New Inequality: The Politics of Income Redistribution in Canada
Keith Banting and John Myles


Income Inequality in Canada: A Policy Options Podcast
February 23, 2016
Increasing education won’t stop rising inequality (and may make it worse)
David A. Green and Kelly Foley, July 30, 2015
Who should tax Canada’s 1%? We say leave it to Ottawa
Kevin Milligan and Michael Smart, November 25, 2015
 Is new focus on middle class over poverty good for Canadians?
Keith Banting and John Myles, May 21, 2015


Income Inequality: The Canadian Story
February 25, 2016, Ottawa

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